The Connection Between Diabetes and Your Eyes

Old Man's EyeDiabetes comes with a variety of health concerns, but one common problem is the toll diabetes can take on your vision. Be prepared by being informed. Keep reading to learn about the connection between diabetes and your eyes.


Although Glaucoma can affect many different people, the American Diabetes Association found that people with diabetes are 40% more likely to suffer from glaucoma.

Glaucoma is a condition where pressure builds up inside the eye. This pressure damages blood vessels that carry blood and essential nutrients to other parts of the eye—in particular, the retina and the optic nerve.

Because this prevents the necessary nutrients from reaching the retina and optic nerve, these important parts of the eye can be damaged and eventually vision can be lost.


People who have diabetes are 60% more likely to develop cataracts. When the eye’s natural lens becomes clouded, it is known as cataracts. This condition causes vision to deteriorate over time and eventually lose sight completely.

Eye Infections

Because diabetes weakens the immune system, people who are diabetic are more vulnerable to eye infections. This means it is important to be extra careful to keep your eyes clean. Wash your hands, avoid touching your eyes, and be careful with makeup.

Diabetic Retinopathy

The retina is the membrane inside your eye. It receives images from the lens of your eye and sends them to the optic nerve.

Diabetic retinopathy describes the disorders of the retina that are caused by diabetes.

Two of the most common types of retinopathy are non-proliferative retinopathy and proliferative retinopathy.

Non-proliferative retinopathy and occurs when blood vessels get blocked. The condition worsens as more blood vessels get blocked off. This condition is more common than proliferative retinopathy.

Proliferative retinopathy occurs when blood vessels close.  If the blood vessels close, new blood vessels begin to grow, but these new blood vessels can cause the growth of scar tissue. They can also leak blood into the retina, clouding the vision.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is extra important to take care of your eyes. Managing your weight and keeping your blood sugar levels in check will also help stave off problems. Visit your eye doctor regularly to monitor the health of your eyes and catch any problems before they worsen. Contact the Aloha Eye Clinic to learn more.

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